Morphine Sulphate Pellets

(Product under development)
Morphine Sulphate PelletsMorphine (INN) ( MS Contin, MSIR, Avinza, Kadian, Oramorph, Roxanol, Kapanol) is a potent opiate analgesic medication and is considered to be the prototypical opioid.

It was first isolated in 1804 by Friedrich Sertürner, first distributed by same in 1817, which at the time was a single small chemists' shop. It was more widely used after the invention of the hypodermic needle in 1857. It took its name from the Greek god of dreams Morpheus (Greek: Μορφέας).

Morphine is the most abundant alkaloid found in opium, the dried sap (latex) derived from shallowly slicing the unripe seedpods of the opium, or common and/or edible, poppy, Papaver somniferum.

Morphine was the first active principle purified from a plant source and is one of at least 50 alkaloids of several different types present in opium, Poppy Straw Concentrate, and other poppy derivatives. Morphine is generally 8 to 17 percent of the dry weight of opium, although specially-bred cultivars reach 26 percent or produce little morphine at all, under 1 percent, perhaps down to 0.04 percent.

The latter varieties, including the 'Przemko' and 'Norman' cultivars of the opium poppy, are used to produce two other alkaloids, thebaine and oripavine, which are used in the manufacture of semi-synthetic and synthetic opioids like oxycodone and etorphine and some other types of drugs. P. bracteatum does not contain morphine or codeine, or other narcotic phenanthrene-type, alkaloids.

This species is rather a source of thebaine. Occurrence of morphine in other papaverales and papaveraceae, as well as in some species of hops and mulberry trees has not been confirmed. Morphine is produced most predominantly early in the life cycle of the plant.

Past the optimum point for extraction, various processes in the plant produce codeine, thebaine, and in some cases negligible amounts of hydromorphone, dihydromorphine, dihydrocodeine, tetrahydrothebaine, and hydrocodone (these compounds are rather synthesized from thebaine and oripavine). The human body produces endorphines, which are neuropeptides, with similar effects.

In clinical medicine, morphine is regarded as the gold standard, or benchmark, of analgesics used to relieve severe or agonizing pain and suffering. Like other opioids, such as oxycodone, hydromorphone, and diacetylmorphine (heroin), morphine acts directly on the central nervous system (CNS) to relieve pain. Unlike many other opioids, morphine is an opiate and a natural product. Morphine has a high potential for addiction; tolerance and psychological dependence develop rapidly, although physiological dependence may take several months to develop.

Available Form:
Morphine Sulphate Pellets
Morphine Sulphate Granules

Umang Pharmatech equipments used for production of Morphine Sulphate Pellets:
Drug Layering, Fluid Bed Dryer, Fluid Bed Coater, Sifter & Blender, Extruder and Twin spheronizer.


Morphine Sulphate Pellets
Systematic (IUPAC) Name
Morphine Sulphate Pellets
Identifiers
Morphine Sulphate Pellets
Chemical data
(5α,6α)-7,8-didehydro-4,5-epoxy-17-methylmorphinan-3,6-diol
CAS number : 57-27-2 64-31-3 (neutral sulfate),52-26-6 (hydrochloride)
ATC code : N02AA01
PubChemr : CID 5288826
DrugBank : DB00295
ChemSpider : 4450907
UNII : 76I7G6D29C
KEGG : D08233
ChEBI : CHEBI:17303
ChEMBL : CHEMBL70
Formula : C17H19NO3
Mol. mass : 285.34


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